Intersectionality in the struggles for access to fundamental and universal rights, the feminist, sexual diversity, antiracist and environmental struggles.
Intersectionality serves as an analytical tool to study and understand how our different identities get intertwined and how these intertwining contribute to experiences of oppression or privilege. Intersectionality is based on the idea that each person experiences multiple identities derived from social and historical relationships, as well as of the way power structures operate. People belong to more than one community and can experience oppressions and privileges simultaneously.
The intersectional analysis aims to reveal the varied identities and expose the various forms of discrimination, in this case on immigrants, as a product of the combination of identities. This combination is not the sum of the different factors, but generates a new reality as a result of their overlapping. The application of intersectionality in social policy action seeks to achieve a more precise and efficient approach that treats unequally those who are unequal. To that end, it is necessary to consider the factors within the different social systems, causing forms of exploitation and domination such as heteronormative patriarchy, racism, xenophobia, discrimination towards people with disabilities, class oppression, environmental conditions.
This approach is essential for understanding complex migration processes, based on an in-depth understanding of how different social and environmental systems of oppression are interrelated and reproduced, determining migration trajectories as well as experiences in countries of transit and destination.
In this regard, it is also necessary to understand the racialization of migrants in receiving countries and how this, together with their gender and economic situation, determines the conditions of their insertion into the social structure, employment conditions, and access to basic services such as housing, health, education, and social benefits.
Approaching reality from the perspective of intersectionality also permits to focus on particular contexts, on specific experiences and on qualitative aspects encouraging equality and non-discrimination. This perspective proposes to put the emphasis back on social investigation, stories and testimonies about the experiences, actions and struggles of people living on the margins of power, who provide information based on their diverse identities and describe how certain mechanisms and policies shape the lives of those affected.